Welding Safety 101: Eye and Face Protection

For new and experienced welders alike, it’s important to know what type

of eye and face protection will work best for you. What you need largely depends
on what task your performing. Here are some factors to consider before beginning
a welding project:

A helmet is best for. . .

  • Welding projects that give off a lot of weld sparks and splatters
  • Arc rays that reach the face area

Helmets protect you from your neck to forehead, including the ears. Helmets
do not protect you from welding materials that can get
under the helmet, like grinding pieces and slag chips.

You can also use face shields, goggles, and other types of eye protection to
deal with arc rays, sparks, and splatters. However, they only protect the eyes,
so be careful with whatever welding project you’re working on.

**Welders that wear glasses are also required to have proper eye and face



Welding Helmets: Lens Shade

The type of lens shade you need for your helmet depends on what action you’re
performing. Sometimes, the electrode size and the arc current are also a factor.

Suggested lens shade for certain tasks:

Task Suggested Shade Determining Factors
Arc Welding 10-14 electrode size and arc current
Carbon Arc Welding 14
Gas Metal and Flux Cored Arc Welding 10-14, minimum shade 7 electrode size and arc current
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding 10-12 electrode size and arc current
Gas Welding 4-8 thickness of the plate, from light to


Information used from www.weldinginfocenter.com

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